Traumatic
brain injury (TBI) can have subtle signs and symptoms, which may not manifest
until days or months after the injury. At times, the signs of TBI may even be ignored as the injured person may
appear fine despite them acting or feeling differently. It is vital to
consult a medical professional immediately if any of the symptoms manifest
suddenly or become worse over time after a traumatic brain injury.

Signs and Symptoms
of TBI

Some
common signs and symptoms of a traumatic brain injury are as follows (and make
sure you seek and obtain medical attention):

  • Change
    in or loss of consciousness anywhere from a few seconds to several hours
  • Reduced
    level of consciousness, i.e., difficulty awakening
  • Seizures
    or convulsions
  • Double
    vision or unequal pupil dilation in the eyes
  • Clear
    fluids draining from the ears or nose
  • Vomiting
    and nausea
  • New
    neurological deficit, including weakness of the face, arms, or legs, slurred
    speech, and/or loss of balance

The
other commonly occurring symptoms of TBI that should be monitored are:

  • Dizziness,
    light-headedness, loss of coordination or balance, vertigo
  • Sensory
    issues:

    • Eyes that tire
      quickly, seeing stars, blurred vision
    • Ringing in the
      ears
    • Bad taste in the
      mouth
    • Loss of the sense
      of taste or smell
  • Sensitivity
    to sounds, light, or distractions
  • Changes
    in mood or mood swings, agitation (feeling upset or angry without reason),
    aggressiveness, or other abnormal behavior
  • Feeling
    anxious or depressed
  • Drowsiness
    or fatigue; a lack of motivation or energy
  • Sleep
    pattern changes (sleeping significantly more or having a hard time falling
    asleep or remaining awake), inability to rise from sleep
  • Challenges
    in concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Taking
    excessive time to think, act, speak, or read

Such
signs and symptoms can be readily missed as people may look healthy, even if
they feel or act differently. Several traumatic brain injury symptoms occur
along with other conditions, such as sleep disorders or depression.

Signs and Symptoms
of TBI in Children

While
children with a brain injury may have the same symptoms as adult patients, it
is typically more challenging for them to explain to others how they feel. In
case your child has sustained a blow to the head and displays any of the
following symptoms, call your child’s physician promptly:

  • Persistent
    irritability, crying, or crankiness; inconsolable
  • Changes
    in dietary habits
  • Changes
    in consciousness
  • The
    loss of skills, such as using the toilet
  • Unsteady
    walking or loss of balance
  • Changes
    in the ability to focus; lack of interest in previously preferred activities or
    toys
  • Changes
    in the manner in which the child plays
  • Sleep
    pattern changes
  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
    or tiredness
  • Changes
    in the child’s performance at school

Serious
TBI-Related Complications or Symptoms

A
person can experience issues with consciousness, arousal, alertness, awareness,
and responsiveness due to sustaining a traumatic brain injury. In general, a
severe TBI can cause the following four abnormal states:

Brain death

Brain
death refers to the lack of measurable brain activity or function after a
prolonged time. Studies showing no blood supply to the brain can confirm this
state.

Coma

In
a coma, a person is completely unaware, unconscious, and unable to react to
external stimuli, such as light or pain. Generally, coma can last for a few
days or few weeks following which the patient may regain consciousness, enter a
vegetative state, or die.

Vegetative state

Due
to extensive brain damage, people who are in a vegetative state are unaware or
unconscious of their surroundings. But they can have bouts of unresponsive
alertness, where they may move, groan, or display reflex responses.

Minimally conscious state

Individuals
who have severely changed consciousness but still show some signs of
self-awareness or awareness of their surroundings (such as yes/no responses,
following simple commands) are considered to be in a minimally conscious state.

How do Brain
Injuries Occur?

The
most common reason associated with brain injuries is a blow to a person’s head.
This could occur due to a car wreck, cycling accident (a lot of people still
ride bikes for all sorts of altruistic reasons), sports injury, or a fall.

According
to the CDC, a majority of traumatic brain injury cases occur due to a fall. The
second and third leading reasons for brain trauma are unintentional blunt
trauma and automobile accidents.

Notably,
a TBI can occur even if there is no physical contact involved. For instance,
the head can jerk back and forth with significant force due to whiplash,
causing the brain to hit against the skull’s inside. Such events can sometimes
lead to TBI and other severe complications.

Legal Help from
Experienced Personal Injury Experts

The
seasoned personal injury lawyers at Reeves & Mestayer have assisted
countless TBI victims in recovering fair compensation from the person who
caused their tragic injury. Our compassionate and skilled attorneys understand
your precarious situation, and we will work with you and your family to ensure
that you get justice. Call today at 1-855-558-2977 to consult an experienced
personal injury attorney. 

The post How Do I Know If I Might Have Traumatic Brain Injury? appeared first on Reeves & Mestayer | Personal Injury Attorneys in Biloxi.

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